Did you know that 40% of people will have low back pain at some point in their lives? Low back pain is only second to the common cold for loss of work and productivity, than any other injury. In a recent 2014 study by the National Health Interview Survey, it was noted that low back pain was the most prevalent reported pain site. If you are suffering from low back pain, you are not alone!
These core muscles are essential in providing support to the low back and minimizing shearing forces to the spine.
Transverse Abdominis (TA). The TA attaches at the bottom of the rib cage, thoracolumbar fascia and the top of the iliac crest of the pelvis. This muscle stabilizes the spine prior to movement.
Multifidus- These muscles are very short and attach on the transverse processes (side of vertebrae) up to the spinous process (middle of the vertebrae). These muscles provide back stability and postural corrections throughout the day.
Pelvic Floor & Diaphragm- These muscles work in conjunction with your TA and Multifidus muscles to stabilize your spine, but also give flexibility to your movements throughout the day.
When the above-mentioned muscles aren’t doing their “job,” the spine takes the brunt of the force. With time or certain movements (twisting, bending), wear and tear can start happening at the spine, leading to instability. With enough instability, people will start to experience pain. The good news is, there are simple, yet effective exercises to strengthen these muscles. When your “core” muscles are strong and you know how to engage them, they act as your own corset to stabilize your spine.
Stay tuned to learn ways to stabilize your own spine and stay pain-free!